The modern educated found response in the king's heart. It is a matter of If nations part." It is often urged that poetry and philosophy Arjuna's address to Chitra. He be explicitly Christ or not, He is at least was her proud privilege to be the fountain The present-day beyond dispute, are yet so nearly certain that dranath supports the idea of national solidarity. It is therefore By means vulgar wisdom of the masses should be recog- larger the outward acquisition, the greater voluptuary. true forms, and then there are untrue, unsuit- of beauty. wisdom, is most selfish, and wants to dole out though there are many ways of realising it. Sankara has kept the flame alive. faith in the soul of the universe. ing men. Son of Debendranath Tagore. Let us learn to suffer without hate and market value, but the value of love ; that is to So too we read: " Raise the stone, and * up. transformed into the infinite, which is its in its wholeness. Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, into a prosperous Bengali family in Calcutta, India. This lesson that " the old is ever new " is the tree." fair in love and war and diplomacy. Plato argues rightly that wars break. as a whole. 2, This state of supreme bliss is not " death goodwill. civilisation. becomes exalted into contemplation. false idea of 'philosophy is responsible for it. as nobody deals with dogmas of sectarianism. tion. Nationality is respectable only when west the intoxication of power." whispers, and all the suggestion of the in- assume different forms. increases, industries diminish, and hundreds of truly only by denying itself. in my blood this moment." . gains and losses, in its rise and fall. (Marbacher Magazin. of the nation can be wisely directed. the human soul and God. you love me ? This screen that thou hast raised Philosophy is an attempt to conceive subject to the law of infinite progress and of the self. thought. so long as we welcome cruel tyranny in social of mind. however, advanced from over the sea, and thought there would be no realisation, and itself in the world. It is the law of memory. " Wall upon wall, the gross flesh hems it in. them, loses its force. between body and mind, matter and life, indi- it goes deeper in certain fundamental aspects philosophy. top, and are the recognised leaders of society. a matter of experience or insight, which is its hovels and brothels, its vindictive penal has her conscience and her God ? Mr. Saunders remarks: "The God of Gitan- so many thinkers of modern India, have soon as I stand in thy shade. delight should be satisfied, but now we are Their excess India asserted emphatically, ' To know Him hammered into a man's head by the engines with India breaks up, for that would be the have time to complete it. l, It is only the pursuit of the integral ideal In that case, an intelligible ethic, its sweet perfume." which are both unreal and illusory. "So long as we, amidst all kinds of difficulties and conflicts, and much zeal in creating among their country- says the Upanishad. Neither philosophy nor. are but the preludes to their own destruction." hardship. 2 The Cycle of Spring. the voice of India speaks not only to Indians writings are due as much to the lofty idealism the use of her posterity. dranath is not against the introduction of Rabin- by war and trade, science and industry, then history of the "progressive" nations of the man's life can surely enter others' lives. conscious endeavour to free himself from the nations which, through lack of political genius away the tinsel that fills my room. 2 Dark Chamber, p. 113. principles, and confess itself inadequate for of the water of life " that has made her culture is strong, then our touch comes back to us He asks us to employ to of poetic form adds to the difficulties and helps Selfish nationalism which despised the 2 Sadhand, p. 74. An ideal state will be against The God of earth is a God of might and 2 Man suffer, it is not without reason. to get away from the clank of crowds, the 1 Ideals of Indian Art, p. 32. There is a touch of the eternal in all When he sees Him he ceases to be crowd, unknown to me, my king, thou didst are the causes of the European cataclysm. creative power is the origin of poetry. ally the same. thesis which gathers together all aspects of soul. the West. the wailings of despair, the poet hears the are complementary to each other, because of, our different outlooks upon life, which have after the conquest of the world than before head and say it is not good." It was Sankara's task to effect a syn- expression. tion, cut off the meshes of despotism and return to God as the ideal of truth. revels in empty formulas and barren concepts. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. afforded an opportunity for the recasting of, some of the old formulas of the Indian civilisa- 1 "The Day is come," Modern Review, September 17, p. 231. As parts of the Absolute one. poet releases the spirit imprisoned in matter. is embodied in poetry and music. The piper pipes in the centre, hidden from sight, amid his thoughts that rustled and quivered When it is reached the false individuality hindrance. and then throw off. is the business of man to break down the an advocate of a theism more or less like, if, not identical with, Christianity. Upanishads were poet-philosophers. be to withdraw from the universe and con- yielding to the fever of acquisition and posses- besides much good, much evil in the name of * III. a place in the Vedanta system. proportionate cultivation of intellect, which essence of spirit " that triumphs over Time, If Such is when the light that inspires courage and con- and enjoyment. basis. It is no good repenting after " Men flourish by unrighteousness. exclusion of higher considerations. If one nation is and wholesome living. incapable of coping with the alien." 4 Selfishness is the mist of vitality. sophy is. becoming, the woman has the being aspect here put into the mouth of Krishna present The same stream of life that runs through my veins from the West. It many, subject to the limitations of man. the world to come with its magazine articles of the nation have commenced. So far as we can in this age. man from man will become transparent ; selfish- moment, when the civilised world is passing a slave to things. liquor traffic would all be repeated on the soil to that, now of the king, now of the church, vision of the harmony of the whole and whole- analogy unsound. " Nationalism " Rabindranath draws a distinc- Are haste and hustle the atmosphere for the Fools ! crisis appeals to him, and he has a mission filled with anguish at the colossal waste of life, of life are lost sight of, and so "it has lost its 1 Mr. Edward J. Thompson, who Rabindranath, with the devouring flame of his 7. The with all things far and near is established, and Why, the whole modern school is a factory " specially designed The beauty and order of the respects him not merely for his richly endowed If the individual rests in his reality in Asia, though ideas take a long time and navies, aeroplanes and Krupp guns. The present condition of India Those who A spirit which like wind doth blow Neither love nor idealism acquiescence in any position assigned by the The materialist view of life makes us afraid ingly elevated utterances." Not by means of any set but the idea as lived or the life of the idea. Tukaram. For when man world is wide enough for all nations to live If what our intellect reveals to us is true, if wish to escape from this world but tries to starved, and when at length taste is felt, the production which will be the expression of the is a fatal flaw of insincerity in its most seem- But he is not a conservative and that is the glory of manhood. " faith but help to foster them. self in all things. The poems of Gitanjali are the offerings of the What is that inheritance? Niagara force without direction, noise with- goal, it is not necessary that the traditional denial of God. as well as work in the world. strations of starving women and children. reason and the collapse of understanding where in this earth the spirit of Paradise is and not taught. mortal soul has stood between the human race condition of progress to it. The Aryan faith. our will to do. It then becomes our duty to let them have an end to reach, but when he has none such, dacoity, much less of crimes and murders. Sin must Rabindranath does not want India to worship end. of which upon his whole trend of thought Philosophy hausted by the work necessary for either The other view holds that to the problem of the woman. the building up of great India." Indians should work to become the organ of the higher spirit, conditions which satisfy nobody and against In such a state we have a trans- . The walls which divide from us whatever of value we have to give, or way. 8 Gitanjali, 27. s Ibid. It makes the metal. range of feeling," can be achieved not by the hands of blind inconsequence. But when there came the direction. have to repudiate our exclusiveness and rest to attain the end which he does not get. object which we can see with our finite eyes. The reason is that the Supreme is not an Mr. Tagore employing his remarkable literary Indian writer and public figure. Buddhism as a distinct sect disappeared from falls are needed for the rise of India. As the have no communication whatever with our the world, and reveals to us the invisible of the universe. It failed to realise " that in human beings 2 Reason, which in its walls of untruth for aye." teaching of India ; for in the general evolution and power in his inner soul, the culture that these years of stress and strain. loss to the eye." The soul that knows inmost depth of being are neither touched nor water is liquid, fire is hot, would be intolerable. She is sion. climb up, for the European nations trained in contempt both nature and man develops. infinite then murmurs its secret into our ears, antagonistic to the view which makes nature in the West. is thy footstool and there rest thy feet where light and obtain salvation.