According to a new study by FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, child labor is rampant in the handmade rug industry. These chemicals also cause hallucinations, nerve damage and respiratory illness in humans. Next up: the recycled foam padding installed under wall-to-wall carpeting. Nylon vs Smartstrand, Nylon vs Polyester Older carpets and recycled padding could be covered in toxic chemicals that are now banned, but continue to off-gas toxic fumes into the air. http://www.exoticbird.com/gillian/house.html. The process of making this carpet strong, beautiful and durable has been challenging for them, but a few have succeeded. CARPET CONCERNS: Carpet Installers Speak Out As the Medical Evidence Mounts by Cindy Duehring (Part 2 of 5) "This isn't a profession for a young man to go into," says David Buechler, a Sawyer, North Dakota carpet installer who has been laying carpet for twenty-fie years. Use natural and biodegradable non-toxic products to … They are subject to malnutrition, impaired vision, deformities from sitting long hours in cramped loom sheds, respiratory diseases from inhaling wool fibers and wounds from using sharp tools. SmartStrand carpet can generally be expected to be in the $5/square-yard range. Having a new carpet installed has also been associated with wheezing and coughing in babies during their first year of life. Join the force and stay updated on opportunities to take action: We are a community of moms and dads united against air pollution – including the urgent crisis of our changing climate – to protect our children’s health. Stainmaster is a popular carpet brand with families and pet owners. Calculate Now Care. Researchers at Johns Hopkins Hospital drew blood from the umbilical cords of 300 newborns and reported this month that ninety-nine percent of the babies were born with trace levels of perfluorooctanoic acid, usually called PFOA or C-8. Thick carpet is better if you like a plusher feel. Stainmaster PetProtect carpets provide excellent value for money. Yes!!! Similarly, many landlords who rent out their properties to tenants may find that the long-lasting fibers are ideal for keeping maintenance costs down in between tenancies. Learn the truth about carpet fibers and durability in 2020. We look at our favorite picks for healthy and non-toxic indoor carpeting - and why you should pay close attention to the carpets in your home. The fiber dates back to 2009 and is from the company that brought us nylon, a fiber found in carpets throughout the country (not to mention clothing). Advocates call on other major retailers of carpet and rugs to join them. Once released, down goes the air quality in your home and headaches, nausea and dizziness may occur. StainMaster have made their name for producing tough carpets that are excellent at keeping stains at bay. Other sources include textile auxiliaries and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE (WASHINGTON, D.C.) – Today The Home Depot, the world’s largest home improvement retailer, announced that it will phase out the sale of all carpets and rugs containing PFAS chemicals.The company will stop purchasing for distribution any carpets or rugs containing PFAS chemicals by the end of 2019. Carpet Adhesives. Written submitted testimony of Yves Alarie before the Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources, U.S. House of Representatives. How To Use Stainmaster Carpet Pet Stain Remover Review __ Price Check: https://amzn.to/2MvdipL ___ Try Cash App using my code and we’ll each get $5! [3] The evidence increasingly suggests that early life exposures to certain chemicals can lead to health problems not only in adulthood, but also down through subsequent generations.[4]. These carpets are designed to promote healthier living and feature certain benefits that help reduce allergens, are anti-microbial, etc. Little did I know that the new carpet and its comfy padding were oozing VOCs and other toxins into my air. You can also use a nontoxic carpet cleaner followed by application of a specialized sealant such as Safe Choice, which blocks the release of harmful outgasses in new carpet… (I consider polypropylene to … Is Stainmaster carpet toxic? http://www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2/part3.php, [6] "Board: Teflon Chemical a Likely Carcinogen," Randall Chase, Associated Press February 16, 2006 http://www.ewg.org/news/story.php?id=5066. Busting Industry-Perpetrated Myths About New Chemicals and Worker Protection Under TSCA, If a carpet is the only option look for non-toxic and eco-friendly options. This process can cause irritation to the eyes and respiratory tract that may also effect the central nervous system. Designed for Adventure. All rights reserved, Tell Congress: Stop the EPA’s Racist Agenda. Liberty Carpet One claims that every square yard of PET carpeting it sells keeps 40 water or soda bottles out of landfills. Table 1. "Look before you leap." Higher density makes a more durable carpet. Support meaningful legislation that prevents these chemicals from ending up in our homes. This industrial chemical was, until very recently, a critical component in the manufacture of certain fabric and carpet treatment products such as Scotchgard™ and Stainmaster™, as well as Teflon™ and other nonstick and stain-resistant products. See http://chm.pops.int/, Terms of Service | Children ages 4 to 14 are kidnapped or sold and forced to work as many as 18 hours a day to weave rugs destined for export markets such as the US and Europe. It is one of the most durable carpets in the Stainmaster brand. GoodWeave, an organization that certifies child-labor-free rugs and provides education and opportunities to at-risk children: “Despite laws prohibiting it, child labor is rampant in South Asia’s handmade rug industry. This pet-friendly carpet is color safe and fade resistant, so when accidents happen, you can clean them thoroughly without worry. [2] http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/local/balte.md.teflon06feb06,1,6405408.story?coll=bal-home-headlines [link no longer available]. Leave windows open after installation for at least 72 hours, and use a fan to expose the carpet to fresh, moving air. It looks innocent enough, but carpets are made from synthetic fibers that have been treated with toxic chemicals that outgas into your home. Carpets treated with this are generally treated with perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), which are grease and stain repellents. [2] The dye can also be a major source of VOCs in your carpet. Find STAINMASTER carpet at Lowe's today. These ones have a woven polypropylene backing. Natural carpet materials are more costly than common carpet materials, but competitively priced with standard high quality carpeting. Plus it is non toxic allowing it to be pet and children friendly. Watch It Turn Visible. Busting Industry-Perpetrated Myths About New Chemicals and Worker Protection Under TSCA, If a carpet is the only option look for non-toxic and eco-friendly options. [2], It is well understood that chemical exposures in utero and during childhood can produce devastating health problems in adulthood. Lastly, once you’ve selected and purchased your carpet, make sure you take care of it to preserve it. The primary reason for triexta’s high level of stain resistance is that the fiber is hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb moisture. This exploitation is a form of modern slavery.”, Trump’s EPA is Failing Our Health, Again...and More: Moms Make News: November 23 - December 10, 2020Automakers Must Stand Up For Clean CarsIt’s Time for Bold Climate Action. There are many companies that produce nylon to sell to carpet manufacturers, such as Invista (producers of StainMaster fiber formerly produced by DuPont). [8] LEED™ (Leadership In Environmental and Energy Design) is the trademarked green building rating system of the US Green Building Council (www.usgbc.org), [9] See e.g. Aside from price and color, think about where you’ll install your new carpet.

Small loops tend to be more durable for higher trafficked areas, good stain resistance, but not against oil based products. It’s chemical-free with a cotton and jute backing as well as a natural rubber latex adhesive. The Environmental Building News has recommended they not be specified in green buildings, see: http://www.buildinggreen.com/auth/article.cfm?filename=130601a.xml, [11] PFOAs and 96 other PFC related substances [PFCs are Perfluorochemicals, the class of chemicals to which PFOA's belong] have been nominated to be included in Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) for global reduction and phase-out. This clearly showcases the manufacturer’s confidence in the … From easy-to-clean carpet that’s perfect for families to extra durable carpet options that meet your pets' needs, we have a carpet for you. At first glance, carpets give a warm and inviting feel to most living spaces. Carpet manufacturers either produce nylon in-house or purchase the fiber from an outside source and turn that fiber into a carpet. * This cost is a manufacturer's estimate and reflects materials only. Non-toxic carpet. It was clean and brand-spanking new — with cushy, beige wall-to-wall carpeting that covered every square inch of the floors, including the bathroom. We are a community of over 1,000,000 moms and dads united against air pollution and committed to fighting for climate safety to protect our children’s health. The California Department of Toxic Substances Control has identified carpets and rugs as the largest potential sources of significant and widespread PFAS exposures, especially for children. Take the time to vacuum with a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter. Is Stainmaster Carpet Good Cintronbeveragegroup Com It was not easy. 3M rebutted this concern by assuring consumers that it does no harm at low levels, and is eliminated quickly. Next up: the recycled foam padding installed under wall-to-wall carpeting. However, thick carpet is not better if you want a more durable carpet. Today, over 11 billion squares of carpet are sold per year and most of them are treated with perfluorinated chemicals. Do not purchase this carpet or matching pet stainmaster padding. PFAS companies selling stain-resistant carpeting were produced by these infamous chemical companies. Instead of celebrating building products that represent leading-edge investment and market support for precautionary approaches to acknowledged health risks -- Shaw Ecoworks™ Carpet (which uses neither PVC nor PFOAs) and Firestone TPO Roofing Membrane (which uses neither PVC nor brominated flame retardants [10]) to name just two -- these innovations go unrewarded, and are arguably penalized by green standards that fail to address acknowledged chemical threats. See "3M and Scotchgard: 'Heroes of Chemistry' or a 20-year Coverup?" Trump’s EPA is Failing Our Health, Again...and More: Moms Make News: November 23 - December 10, 2020, U.S. Air Quality Monitors Routinely Miss Pollution, contaminating our food and some water supplies, Trump’s EPA Is Undermining New Law to Regulate Chemicals. We look at our favorite picks for healthy and non-toxic indoor carpeting - and why you should pay close attention to the carpets in your home. Carpet helps people with allergies by keeping allergens out of the air. These are the most common synthetic fibers used for carpets, and each has its pros and cons. The most notable VOCs released from synthetic carpet are styrene and 4-PC , both of these can be found in the latex backing used in 95% of the carpets available today. Chinese Elm Bonsai Styles, Cherry Salmon Animal Crossing Price, Lizards In Ontario, Hair Stinks After Color Remover, Preparation Of Khoa, " />

is stainmaster carpet toxic

Liberty Carpet One claims that every square yard of PET carpeting it sells keeps 40 water or soda bottles out of landfills. There are many companies that produce nylon to sell to carpet manufacturers, such as Invista (producers of StainMaster fiber formerly produced by DuPont). The per- and poly-fluorinated chemicals are have widely been used in household products advertised as water- or stain-resistant, including Stainmaster carpet, Gore-Tex, and Scotchguard. Many people think that Stainmaster PetProtect carpeting is just regular carpet that has been treated with a stain resistant product. Although most DES Daughters who become pregnant will carry a healthy baby to term, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, and premature birth are more common in DES Daughters. Lastly, once you’ve selected and purchased your carpet, make sure you take care of it to preserve it. We use modern technology machines to give back that dazzling look you have always desired. VOCs, PFCs and other toxic chemicals from carpeting can off-gas in our homes and then cling to house dust, which we then inhale. You will always want to remove the stain as soon as possible, but with the protection of STAINMASTER ® brand carpet, you can remove most stains even after 24 hours. Our carpets are designed for the way you live. Stainmaster carpet reviews lowes homedesignview co carpet for less best of 45 tuftex stainmaster images on lowes stainmaster carpet pattern what is stainmaster carpet made of cintronbeveragegroup com. Other than how easily pet stains clean up, this carpet has nothing to recommend it. What fiber is best for kids and pets, what fibers to avoid and why. Stainmaster carpets are proudly manufactured in the U.S.A. StainMaster carpet is sold either by the square foot or square yard, depending on the carpet dealer and type of carpet you select: By the square foot, prices usually range from $7 to $11. Thanks to the Mind The Store Campaign with Safer Chemicals Safer Families, several retailers are changing their tune about toxic chemicals in the … The Best Non-Toxic … The proposed priority listing is an essential stage in the state’s program to assess toxic chemicals in consumer products and find alternatives. VOCs. The American carpet and textile industry has not felt reassured since the 3M Company signaled its intention to stop producing PFOAs back in the year 2000. See: http://www.cdc.gov/des/hcp/nurses/history.html, [4] "Body Burden: The Pollution in Newborns," Environmental Working Group, July, 2005." While the safety of Scotchgard and its fellow brands remains (literally) up in the air, new and improved methods of … All websites created in house by HBN, http://www.chemicalindustryarchives.org/dirtysecrets/scotchgard/2.asp, http://www.cdc.gov/des/hcp/nurses/history.html, http://www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2/part3.php, http://www.usgbc.org/Docs/LEED_tsac/VI_comments_on_USGBC_approach_round_2.pdf, http://www.usgbc.org/Docs/LEED_tsac/Phthalate_Esters_Panel_comments_02-18-04.pdf, http://www.buildinggreen.com/auth/article.cfm?filename=130601a.xml. When carpets were first made with big bulky loops, it reminded some people of the coarse woolen products made by the Berber people. Luckily, SolarMax Stainmaster carpet is designed to resist fading and hold its color for years, even with constant sunshine exposure (although that is literally impossible). Everyone wants to know about Carpets offered by Stainmaster, Shaw and Mohawk's Smartstrand products. [1] For more information about PFOAs see http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/pfoa/. The Cons of Wool Carpet. Privacy Policy If it is potentially toxic, how long do I need to keep her upstairs in the back room and/or what measures do I need to take? Many synthetic carpets are treated with perfluorinated chemicals, or PFCs, to waterproof them and prevent stains. This is not an endorsement on my part of any of the companies or specific carpets listed, but a baseline of a few low-toxic carpets that have been applied by builders in my region. You probably don’t buy food without glancing at the ingredients first. Of course, it depends on what type of stain it is as to whether it can be removed after a certain amount of time has elapsed. Chemical and plastics trade associations have so paralyzed many of the green building movement's deliberative bodies that they are incapable of stating meaningful policy or programs with regard to PFOAs, dioxin, and other notorious persistent chemicals targeted for global reduction and elimination. Some VOC’s are greenhouse gases and contribute to global warming. Carpets are often treated with stain-resistant, antimicrobial or moth-proofing chemicals, all of which may be harmful when inhaled or ingested. Ask manufacturers for. [9] The industry groups argued that it might even be counterproductive, be more hazardous, to replace established chemicals with unfamiliar substitutes. Carpets Emit Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Your Home Almost all carpet is made from synthetic fibers and those fibers have been treated with synthetic chemicals that "outgas" into your home. The least toxic adhesives used with ceramic and recycled tile are locally available at competitive costs. The first stain-resistant carpet was introduced in 1986 with the Stainmaster label. This was and is the biggest waste of $5000 dollars. At the time, I actually liked the smell. This carpet is thick, but too loose to be durable. Is Stainmaster carpet toxic? The great news is The Home Depot is phasing out Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) December 31, 2019 in the U.S. and Canada in carpets and rugs! The process of making this carpet strong, beautiful and durable has been challenging for them, but a few have succeeded.

According to a new study by FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, child labor is rampant in the handmade rug industry. These chemicals also cause hallucinations, nerve damage and respiratory illness in humans. Next up: the recycled foam padding installed under wall-to-wall carpeting. Nylon vs Smartstrand, Nylon vs Polyester Older carpets and recycled padding could be covered in toxic chemicals that are now banned, but continue to off-gas toxic fumes into the air. http://www.exoticbird.com/gillian/house.html. The process of making this carpet strong, beautiful and durable has been challenging for them, but a few have succeeded. CARPET CONCERNS: Carpet Installers Speak Out As the Medical Evidence Mounts by Cindy Duehring (Part 2 of 5) "This isn't a profession for a young man to go into," says David Buechler, a Sawyer, North Dakota carpet installer who has been laying carpet for twenty-fie years. Use natural and biodegradable non-toxic products to … They are subject to malnutrition, impaired vision, deformities from sitting long hours in cramped loom sheds, respiratory diseases from inhaling wool fibers and wounds from using sharp tools. SmartStrand carpet can generally be expected to be in the $5/square-yard range. Having a new carpet installed has also been associated with wheezing and coughing in babies during their first year of life. Join the force and stay updated on opportunities to take action: We are a community of moms and dads united against air pollution – including the urgent crisis of our changing climate – to protect our children’s health. Stainmaster is a popular carpet brand with families and pet owners. Calculate Now Care. Researchers at Johns Hopkins Hospital drew blood from the umbilical cords of 300 newborns and reported this month that ninety-nine percent of the babies were born with trace levels of perfluorooctanoic acid, usually called PFOA or C-8. Thick carpet is better if you like a plusher feel. Stainmaster PetProtect carpets provide excellent value for money. Yes!!! Similarly, many landlords who rent out their properties to tenants may find that the long-lasting fibers are ideal for keeping maintenance costs down in between tenancies. Learn the truth about carpet fibers and durability in 2020. We look at our favorite picks for healthy and non-toxic indoor carpeting - and why you should pay close attention to the carpets in your home. The fiber dates back to 2009 and is from the company that brought us nylon, a fiber found in carpets throughout the country (not to mention clothing). Advocates call on other major retailers of carpet and rugs to join them. Once released, down goes the air quality in your home and headaches, nausea and dizziness may occur. StainMaster have made their name for producing tough carpets that are excellent at keeping stains at bay. Other sources include textile auxiliaries and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE (WASHINGTON, D.C.) – Today The Home Depot, the world’s largest home improvement retailer, announced that it will phase out the sale of all carpets and rugs containing PFAS chemicals.The company will stop purchasing for distribution any carpets or rugs containing PFAS chemicals by the end of 2019. Carpet Adhesives. Written submitted testimony of Yves Alarie before the Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources, U.S. House of Representatives. How To Use Stainmaster Carpet Pet Stain Remover Review __ Price Check: https://amzn.to/2MvdipL ___ Try Cash App using my code and we’ll each get $5! [3] The evidence increasingly suggests that early life exposures to certain chemicals can lead to health problems not only in adulthood, but also down through subsequent generations.[4]. These carpets are designed to promote healthier living and feature certain benefits that help reduce allergens, are anti-microbial, etc. Little did I know that the new carpet and its comfy padding were oozing VOCs and other toxins into my air. You can also use a nontoxic carpet cleaner followed by application of a specialized sealant such as Safe Choice, which blocks the release of harmful outgasses in new carpet… (I consider polypropylene to … Is Stainmaster carpet toxic? http://www.ewg.org/reports/bodyburden2/part3.php, [6] "Board: Teflon Chemical a Likely Carcinogen," Randall Chase, Associated Press February 16, 2006 http://www.ewg.org/news/story.php?id=5066. Busting Industry-Perpetrated Myths About New Chemicals and Worker Protection Under TSCA, If a carpet is the only option look for non-toxic and eco-friendly options. This process can cause irritation to the eyes and respiratory tract that may also effect the central nervous system. Designed for Adventure. All rights reserved, Tell Congress: Stop the EPA’s Racist Agenda. Liberty Carpet One claims that every square yard of PET carpeting it sells keeps 40 water or soda bottles out of landfills. Table 1. "Look before you leap." Higher density makes a more durable carpet. Support meaningful legislation that prevents these chemicals from ending up in our homes. This industrial chemical was, until very recently, a critical component in the manufacture of certain fabric and carpet treatment products such as Scotchgard™ and Stainmaster™, as well as Teflon™ and other nonstick and stain-resistant products. See http://chm.pops.int/, Terms of Service | Children ages 4 to 14 are kidnapped or sold and forced to work as many as 18 hours a day to weave rugs destined for export markets such as the US and Europe. It is one of the most durable carpets in the Stainmaster brand. GoodWeave, an organization that certifies child-labor-free rugs and provides education and opportunities to at-risk children: “Despite laws prohibiting it, child labor is rampant in South Asia’s handmade rug industry. This pet-friendly carpet is color safe and fade resistant, so when accidents happen, you can clean them thoroughly without worry. [2] http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/local/balte.md.teflon06feb06,1,6405408.story?coll=bal-home-headlines [link no longer available]. Leave windows open after installation for at least 72 hours, and use a fan to expose the carpet to fresh, moving air. It looks innocent enough, but carpets are made from synthetic fibers that have been treated with toxic chemicals that outgas into your home. Carpets treated with this are generally treated with perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), which are grease and stain repellents. [2] The dye can also be a major source of VOCs in your carpet. Find STAINMASTER carpet at Lowe's today. These ones have a woven polypropylene backing. Natural carpet materials are more costly than common carpet materials, but competitively priced with standard high quality carpeting. Plus it is non toxic allowing it to be pet and children friendly. Watch It Turn Visible. Busting Industry-Perpetrated Myths About New Chemicals and Worker Protection Under TSCA, If a carpet is the only option look for non-toxic and eco-friendly options. [2], It is well understood that chemical exposures in utero and during childhood can produce devastating health problems in adulthood. Lastly, once you’ve selected and purchased your carpet, make sure you take care of it to preserve it. The primary reason for triexta’s high level of stain resistance is that the fiber is hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb moisture. This exploitation is a form of modern slavery.”, Trump’s EPA is Failing Our Health, Again...and More: Moms Make News: November 23 - December 10, 2020Automakers Must Stand Up For Clean CarsIt’s Time for Bold Climate Action. There are many companies that produce nylon to sell to carpet manufacturers, such as Invista (producers of StainMaster fiber formerly produced by DuPont). [8] LEED™ (Leadership In Environmental and Energy Design) is the trademarked green building rating system of the US Green Building Council (www.usgbc.org), [9] See e.g. Aside from price and color, think about where you’ll install your new carpet.

Small loops tend to be more durable for higher trafficked areas, good stain resistance, but not against oil based products. It’s chemical-free with a cotton and jute backing as well as a natural rubber latex adhesive. The Environmental Building News has recommended they not be specified in green buildings, see: http://www.buildinggreen.com/auth/article.cfm?filename=130601a.xml, [11] PFOAs and 96 other PFC related substances [PFCs are Perfluorochemicals, the class of chemicals to which PFOA's belong] have been nominated to be included in Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) for global reduction and phase-out. This clearly showcases the manufacturer’s confidence in the … From easy-to-clean carpet that’s perfect for families to extra durable carpet options that meet your pets' needs, we have a carpet for you. At first glance, carpets give a warm and inviting feel to most living spaces. Carpet manufacturers either produce nylon in-house or purchase the fiber from an outside source and turn that fiber into a carpet. * This cost is a manufacturer's estimate and reflects materials only. Non-toxic carpet. It was clean and brand-spanking new — with cushy, beige wall-to-wall carpeting that covered every square inch of the floors, including the bathroom. We are a community of over 1,000,000 moms and dads united against air pollution and committed to fighting for climate safety to protect our children’s health. The California Department of Toxic Substances Control has identified carpets and rugs as the largest potential sources of significant and widespread PFAS exposures, especially for children. Take the time to vacuum with a High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter. Is Stainmaster Carpet Good Cintronbeveragegroup Com It was not easy. 3M rebutted this concern by assuring consumers that it does no harm at low levels, and is eliminated quickly. Next up: the recycled foam padding installed under wall-to-wall carpeting. However, thick carpet is not better if you want a more durable carpet. Today, over 11 billion squares of carpet are sold per year and most of them are treated with perfluorinated chemicals. Do not purchase this carpet or matching pet stainmaster padding. PFAS companies selling stain-resistant carpeting were produced by these infamous chemical companies. Instead of celebrating building products that represent leading-edge investment and market support for precautionary approaches to acknowledged health risks -- Shaw Ecoworks™ Carpet (which uses neither PVC nor PFOAs) and Firestone TPO Roofing Membrane (which uses neither PVC nor brominated flame retardants [10]) to name just two -- these innovations go unrewarded, and are arguably penalized by green standards that fail to address acknowledged chemical threats. See "3M and Scotchgard: 'Heroes of Chemistry' or a 20-year Coverup?" Trump’s EPA is Failing Our Health, Again...and More: Moms Make News: November 23 - December 10, 2020, U.S. Air Quality Monitors Routinely Miss Pollution, contaminating our food and some water supplies, Trump’s EPA Is Undermining New Law to Regulate Chemicals. We look at our favorite picks for healthy and non-toxic indoor carpeting - and why you should pay close attention to the carpets in your home. Carpet helps people with allergies by keeping allergens out of the air. These are the most common synthetic fibers used for carpets, and each has its pros and cons. The most notable VOCs released from synthetic carpet are styrene and 4-PC , both of these can be found in the latex backing used in 95% of the carpets available today.

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